February 07, 2020
Ambitious Climate Protection Goals in the EU, Germany and Bavaria
Climate protection is one of the greatet challenges facing mankind in the twenty first century and has greatly influenced the political and social debates of 2019. More and more wide reaching policy measures and possibilities are being debated and passed at the local, national and global levels to limit the global increases in temperatures to 2 degrees, or if possible to 1.5 degrees.
Results of The 2019 World Climate Conference
At the world climate summit in Madrid from 02-15 December 2019 the world community made a committment to postpone the national goals till the next summit in 2020. They were only able to reach a minimal consensus on climate protection. Major decisions were postponed till 2020.
No agreement was reached on the planed implementation of Art. 6 of the Paris Climate Agreement, which among others things calls for a market mechanism for the reduction of greenhouse gas emmissions, which for the european industrialized countries like Germany is important for achieving the climate goals.
The Green Deal – The European Union as A Leading Force
The EU Commission had already presented the „Green Deal“ a proposal to combat climate and envioromentally related challenges during the world climate summit. With this proposal, the EU wants to expand its leadership role in climate protection. The Green Deal envisions among other measures, the increase of the EU greenhouse gas reduction goals from 40 to between 50 and 55 percent as compared to 1990 levels and seeks to achive a greenhouse gas neutrality by the year 2050
The European Green Deal is understood as an economic stimulus program. European industries can benefit from it in the medium- term if they make technological advances related to efficient use of resources as well as environmentally friendly products and use environmentally friendly production methods. Consequently, the Green Deal presents challenges and risks for the European economy due to its high ambitions.
To date, there has been no specific measures to support industries and help businesses in the transformation process. This could be expected in the EU industry strategy announcement. The implementation of the Green Deal will now depend mostly on considering specific measures to balance the need for climate protection as well as its economic and social viability.
Germany’s Climate Protection Measures
Germany is aware of its climate protetion responsibilities and passed a comprehensive climate protection package to reduce greenhouse gas emmissions by up to 55 percent compared to 1990 levels by the year 2030 and to achieve greenhouse gas neutrality by the year 2050.
The main aspect of the climate package is Germany’s first climate proctection law which includes the pricing for Co2 emmissions for verhicles and heating to take efffect in 2021. The price is to be set initally at 25 Euro per ton and will rise to 55 Euro by 2025. After that, the fixed price will shift to an emmission trading system based on limits on emmissions.
The federal climate protection program which brackets the climate protection law includes incentives for example for the energy efficiency retrofitting of buildings, the replacement of oil heaters and the change to eletromobility. This includes the reduction in the price of electricity, the modernization and reduction in the cost for public transportantion as well as the expansaion of the production of newable energy
The vbw monitors the change in energy production and the climate protection policy very closely through its annual energy change monitor.
Bavarian Climate Law as a Cornerstone of Climate Neutrality by 2050
The free State of Bavaria strives to be a leader in Germany and a model for other German States in climate protetion with its own climate protection laws and additional measures. The State will achieve this through incentives and subsidies instead of proscriptions and prescriptions. The State’s climate protection laws and the proposed measure are based mostly on three central elements:
- Lowering the greenhouse gas emmisions in the State
- Adjusting to the consequences of climate change
- Increased research in environmental and climate protection
The the expansion of nenewable energy through the provision of corresponding subsidies or support mechanisms should be promoted. Research on neutral climate transportation, new technologies and provision of support for natural and environmenttal projects should be strengthened. In an new environmental and climate agreement between the business cummunity and the State governmment, the foundation was laid for a cooperative and an unburocratic goal of climate and environmental protection.